Losing workers to injury or illness, even for a short time, can cause disruptions at work and are costly to employers, employees and their families. It can also damage workplace morale and productivity. One of the "root causes" of workplace injuries, illnesses, and incidents is the failure to identify or recognize hazards that are present, or that could have been anticipated.
A critical element of any effective safety and health program is a proactive, ongoing process to identify and assess such hazards. Health and safety initiatives foster a proactive approach to identify and fix workplace hazards before they can cause injury or illness. Rather than reacting to an incident, management and workers collaborate to identify and solve issues before they occur. This combined with a root cause analysis of why injuries happen can help to understand the circumstances that caused the incident and put into place practices required to prevent them from happening again. This collaboration builds trust, enhances communication, and often leads to other business improvements.